According to this theory, black holes could be dark stars with a Planck core

Black holes are certainly among the most mysterious elements in the universe. They exist of two types. Stellar black holes arise from the collapse of a massive star on itself, while supermassive black holes, which can be a million to several billion solar masses, are specifically found in the center of galaxies.

These gravitational monsters are so named because no light can pass through them. At the event horizon, the force of attraction is so strong that nothing can resist unless it moves faster than light. Traveling at such a speed is still prohibited, as anything over the threshold is forever doomed to fail. But what if black holes were something else?

A new theory about black holes

Our colleagues at Live Science actually report the release of a surprising report, to say the least, about these mysterious celestial objects. After it was compiled by the physicist Igor Nikitin from the Fraunhofer Institute for Algorithms and Scientific Computing (SCAI) in Germany, it was published on February 15 in the online preprint archive arXiv.

It is therefore work that has not yet been validated by the research community. In any case, it offers a rather interesting theory that deserves to be considered in our interpretation of black holes.

Exotic physical phenomena

In his post, Nikitin argues that black holes may not be “black”. Rather, they could be black / dark stars that harbor exotic physical phenomena in their core. These would be the origin of a strange radiation that could explain the mysterious dark matter of the universe. According to this scientist from the Fraunhofer Institute for Algorithms and Scientific Computing, the singularity, which is one of the properties of a black hole, seems physically impossible. And for good reason, matter can’t really break down to an infinitely small point.

According to researcher Nikitin, black holes may not be “black”. Rather, they could be black / dark stars that harbor exotic physical phenomena in their core. Photo credit: Shutterstock / Solarseven

Material compressed to the smallest possible scale?

In short, our current understanding of black holes shows fuzzy outlines that may need re-examination. Igor Nikitin then focused on the theory of singularities as a starting point for his studies. According to him, black holes consist of an “incredibly small point of incredibly compressed matter”: a Planck nucleus. The theory is that matter in a black hole is compressed to the smallest possible scale: Planck’s length, which is 10-33 centimeters.

With such an assumption, the event horizon would no longer exist. In other words, there would be no place where the gravitational pull would exceed the speed of light. If black holes for Nikitin are really Planck stars and cause a constant flow of dark matter, this could eventually explain the movements of stars in galaxies.